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Restoring Ecosystems

More than just a monoculture

Over the past few weeks we have repeatedly been asked one very good question: "Are you creating plantations (monocultures) of uniform tree species or trying to restore ecosystems?"
The importance of this question cannot be overstated. There is a world of difference between just planting trees and restoring entire ecosystems. Monocultures find their use in agriculture. Planting a monoculture means planting a single crop that requires much human input to be sustained in the long run. Monocultures are susceptible to diseases, pests, pathogens and adverse environmental conditions. Monocultures of trees provide little resources for wildlife and exist for one purpose: further harvesting of trees.
Ecosystems, on the other hand, are communities. They include microbes, fungi, animals small and big, and many different types of vegetation, all interacting together and with their environment (soil, water, air). Ecosystems work because the existence of one species enables other species to thrive. Ecosystems create a balance in the environment and ensure long-term viability and sustainability of the area restored.
That is why at BioCarbon Engineering, we are focused on ecosystem restoration as the driving goal of the technology and hope that this approach will become a standard tool that forest restoration organizations will be able to use when it is the right tool for the right location and conditions. 
Of course, understanding the local biodiversity requirements is central to our success and we are working in partnership with local ecosystem experts in three of our destination countries to develo